6.1 Anxiety and the DSM-V

Anxiety disorders, like depression, range across a spectrum of severity from mild to severe and include specifiers such as separation anxiety, specific phobias, social anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and general anxiety disorder (GAD).


In the workbook place a mark by any symptoms you experience.

There are a lot of similarities and crossover criteria between depression and anxiety even though they’re typically treated as separate disorders. Similarities include poor health habits, lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating, stress-related problems, and sleep issues [73].

Briefly review these points from earlier discussions.

  • Stress can increase both our appetite and our drive to eat.
  • Stress influences the types of food we’re likely to choose.
  • Eating relieves feeling stressed but the effect is temporary.
  • Dysregulation of the HPA axis from chronic stress or anxiety manifests in both hyper and hypo cortisol secretion and changes to our metabolism [75].
  • Pervasive dysregulation can lead to the overproduction of norepinephrine and give rise to panic attacks/panic disorder.
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